Remainder of syllabus:

Procedural Matters
a. For the first half of the semester we will operate with traditional class meetings, probably supplemented by various internet communication and activities. All sessions, including face to fisce sessions will require laptops and net connectivity. Webcams are good but optional.
b. The second half of the semester will be run from control central, my office in Vermont, USA. Each week I will do either a group virtual classroom for the whole class, or other forms of internet or Skype communication.
a. Weekly. Each of us will read at least two articles or book chapters. One will be assigned for our common consideration. The other(s) will be of your own choosing either from supplied references in the syllabus or from your own resources that you can defend as relevant.
b. Semesteral. Each person will do one PowerPoint (or equivalent presentation program) and one paper. This is not as difficult as it may seem, as they can be the same
c. Note: Some of our reading comes from a postmodern social philosophy background, where the ideas are great, but the vocabulary can often be challenging (that is shorthand for nearly incomprehensible.) Not to fret; forewarned and being in the same barkada with the rest of us, we learn to deal with it with just an occasional ‘pastilan’.
a. The internet’s rapid expansion of information is astounding, and the material available for intellectual topics is no exception. Obviously you are already fluent in browsing, and I just point this out so you do not solely rely on Wikipedia. If I know an author and/or article I am after and don’t already know the URL, I Google.
b. Wikipedia is often a great place to start even though you have to progress to other places from there. You can go straight to Wikipedia, or pick Wikipedia articles from your browsed list of course. It is usually good to start that way as you get a glimpse of other relevant sources.
c. APSWI. Wikipedia is aware that the quality of writing in their encyclopedia is quite uneven and because their growth is so astounding, they have developed a project of recruiting volunteers for editorial help. Also, the Association for Psychological Science has developed a program to assist teachers and students in the use of Wikipedia, both for the editing and submission of articles. They have tutorials for this project. I originally planned for us to do this, but we don’t have time, but anyone wanting to explore it, please feel free.
a. Ultra brief introduction to three fundamental tenants of philosophy from the Early Greek Renaissance.
b. Ultra quickie introduction to contemporary social philosophical postmodern roots of PostColonial Theory: Critical Theory, Post-structuralism, PostAnalytic, and related social critiques.
c. PostColonialsm
d. Critical Psychology. See section 6. Below for a link to a previous preliminary course outline placed on my web site two years ago.
a. First, find out about the concept of emancipation by browsing.
b. The second assignment, your first reading which will be to read an article of mine, not just to get bored, but it is submitted to a journal for publication, and they will have some suggestions, such as ‘good for the CR, reading or some other purpose’, but I will be ready for them if you can critique and help me make it more readable. Never mind that icky math part, we can dump it or simplify it (that is, remove the graphs and equations). Its title is The Dynamics of Culture.
a. A number of related papers are located at ‘chaophilosophy’.
b. An original outline prepared two years ago for this course can be found under Silliman/emancipation theory. It had far too much scope for a single course. You might want to cruise through some of the sections out of curiosity, and feel free to choose your own area of interest and course writing from them if you wish.
c. The section on PostColonialism is essentially the part we used to develop this newer, better syllabus, which has been updated to include the areas we especially will concentrate on, Indigenous Psychology and Critical Psychology. Skip the references at that web site as the URLs were corrupted. The important ones are included in the bibliographies in this syllabus below. Some of the original papers from the reference list have links to them within the reference list, giving you the capability of downloading them to your computer. Many of the important articles will be also stored in an account established for the course, and you can edit and download from them once your email address is entered into its contact list.
7. Issues in Contextual Conflicts
a. Personal. To what extent are your goals of personal success within a capitalistic society in conflict with your goals of contributing to an empathic democratic society of participation, opportunity, and equality for all.
b. Educational. Can there be a synergistic relationship between socio-psychological theory and the practice of social action? Chapter 2 of The Location of Culture by Homi Bhabha addresses this issue, although with a somewhat turgid language, check out the first few pages until you scream ‘pastilan’.
c. Diasporic. Can there be a synergistic relationship between diasporic activity and love of homeland, of global-local spheres of information and activity? Bhabha, McLuhan, Deibert, Zakaria, and others have emphasized this interaction.
Critical and Indigenous Psychology: A Brief Introductiory Bibliograpahy
Abraham, F.D. (2007). Cyborgs, cyberspace, cybersexuality: The evolution of everyday creativity. In R. Richards, (ed.), Everyday creativity and new views of human nature. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. PDF
Abraham, F.D. (2010a). The Dynamics of Culture. Horace B. Silliman lecture, Silliman University, May 2010; submitted for publication in The Silliman Journal. Prepublication PDF
Abraham, F.D. (2010b). Media Ecology, Globalization, & Emancipation: Beyond the Carnivalesque. Lumina, 22(1), 2094-2188. PDF
Abraham, F.D., Mitina, O., & Houston, D. (2000) Chaos Theory and the Postmodern Internet. Computerra, 28 (In Russian). English translation HTML
Ashcroft, W., Griffiths, G., & Tiffin, H. (1989). The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures. London: Routledge
Allwood, C.M. (2011). On the use of the culture concept in the indigenous psychologies: Reply to Hwang and Liu. Social Epistemology, 5(2), 141-152. PDF
Allwood, C. (2011). On the foundation of the indigenous psychologies. Social Epistemology, 25(1), 3-14. PDF
Bahri, D. (1996). Introduction to Postcolonial Studies (Emory University). HTML
Bankhoff, G., & Weekley, K. (2002). Post-colonial National Identity in the Philippines: Celebrating the Centennial of Independence. Aldershot, UK & Burlington VT USA: Ashgate. Abstract
Bhabha, H.K. (2004). The Location of Culture, Routledge Classics Edition. London: Routledge.
Boff, L. Biography. HTML
Brainard, C.M. (2003). Growing Up Filipino: Stories for Young Adults. Santa Monica: PALH. Promo
Church, A. T., & M. Katigbak, S. (2002). Indigenization of psychology in the Philippines. International Journal of Psychology 37 (3): 129–48.
Cole, M. (1996). Cultural Psychology: A Once and Future Discipline. Cambridge: Harvard.
Cole, M., & Cole, S. R. (1993). The development of children (2nd ed.). New York: Scientific American Books
Crossan, J.D. (1988). The Birth of Christianity. New York: HarperCollins.
Deibert, R.J. (1997). Parchment, Printing, and Hypermedia: Communication in World Order Transformation. New York: Columbia University Press.
De Guzman & Inzon (2010). Shared and Contested meanings in the Mindanao Conflict: Exploriing People's understanding of Bangsamoro. Philippine Journal of Psychology, 44(1), 23-49.
Delmendo, S. (2004). The Star-Estrangled Banner: One Hundred Years of America in the Philippines. Piscataway: Rutgers UP.
Desai, M. (2009). Connecting the Psychological with the Sociopolitical via Frantz Fanon. Revision of paper presented in 2009 117th Convention of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, Canada.].
Enriquez, V. (1990). Towards a liberation psychology. In V. Enriquez (Ed.), Indigenous psychology: A book of readings (pp.123-137). Philippines: New Horizons Press

Enriquez, V. (1993). Developing a filipino psychology. In J. Berry & U. Kim (Eds.), Indigenous Psychologies: Research and experience in cultural context (pp.152-170). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications
Fanon, F. (1952). Black Skin, White Masks. 1967 translation by C.L. Markmann, New York: Grove.
Fanon, F. (1961). Wretched of the Earth. 1963 translation by C. Farrington. New York: Grove Weidenfield
Fontejon-Benior, G.A. (2005). Agency and disempowerment in an EAP/EFL context: Vignettes from a village high school in the Philippines. Silliman Journal, 46(2), 16-56. ISSN 0037-5284
Fontejon-Benior, G.A. (2006). Trajectories and reifications: An attempt at signifying my philosophy as an ESI teacher. Silliman Journal, 47(2), 29-54. ISSN 0037-5284
Freire, P. (1968/1972). Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York: Herder & Herder.
Friedman, T.L. (2005). The World is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century. New York:Farrar, Straus & Girous.
Gilbert, H., & Tompkins, J. (1996). Post-Colonial Drama: Theory, Practice, Politics. London: Routledge.
Gutiérrez, G. (1971). A Theology of Liberation: History, Politics, Salvation. First (Spanish) edition published in Lima, Peru, 1971; first English edition published by Orbis Books (Maryknoll, New York), 1973.
Hidalgo, C.P. (1993). Philippine Post-Colonial Studies: Essays on Language and Literature, 2nd ed. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press. Amazon
Hook, D. (2005). A critical psychology of the postcolonial. Theory and Psychology, 15 (4), 475-503. Quick View PDF
Hook, D. (2006). (Post)colonial racism: Racial otherness and the colonial stereotype. In G. Stevens, V.Franchi, T. Swart (Eds.), A race Against Time. Pretoria: UNISA Press, pp. 203-226.
Juan, E.S. (1998). Beyond Postcolonial Theory. New York: St. Martin’s.
Juan, E.S. (2001). After Postcolonialism: Remapping Philippines—United States Confrontatioions. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. Promo
Kamens, S.R. (2011). Being Present in Political Conflict Zones: Palestinian Perspectives on International Psychologists. Paper presented at the 9th Biennial Conference of Asian Association of Social Psychology, Kunming, China.
Kim, U., Yang, K.-S., & Hwang, K.-K. (Eds.). (2006). Indigenous and Cultural Psychology: Understanding People in Context. In A. Marsella (Series Ed.), International and Cultural Psychology. New York, NY: Springer. PDF. His course syllabus.
Levin, B.E. (2009). Liberation psychology for the U.S..: Are we too demoralized to protest? Zmagazine, 22(11). Http://zmag/viewarticle/22030.external link
Lewin, K. (1946). Action research and minority problems. Journal of Social Issues, 2(4), 34-46
Lim, J. (2000). The effects of the east asian crisis on the employment of women and men: The philippine case. World Development, 28 (7), 1285-1306
Marcelino, E. (2008). Towards understanding the psychology of the filipino. Women in Therapy, 9 (2), 105-128
Marcelino, E., & Pe-Pua, R. (2000). Sikolohiyang pilipino (filipino psychology): A legacy of virgilio enriquez. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 3, 49-71
Pe-Pua, R. (2006). From decolonizing psychology to the development of a cross indigenous methodology: The philippine experience. . In K. Hwang, U. Kim & Yang. G (Eds.), Indigenous and cultural psychology: Understanding people in context (pp.109-137). New York, NY: Springer
Rashid, A. (2002). Jihad: the Rise of Militant Islam in Central Asia. Middlesex: Penguin. New Haven: Yale. Three other books: Taliban, 2000; Afghan, Descent into Chaos, 2008; The Resurgence of Central Asia, 1994.
Rivera, R.Y. (2010). Karl Marx’s Social Formation: Philippine Social Formation, Financial Crisis and Mass-Hunger. Paper presented at the 33rd Phavasminda International Conference on Critical Theory, May 28, 2010 at Silliman Universty, Dumguete City, Philippines.
Rushdie, S. (1981). Midnight’s Children. London: Jonathan Cape.
Ryan, W. (1976). Blaming the Victim. Vintage. ISBN 0-394-72226-4.
Said, E. (1978). Orientalism. New York: Random house (Vintage).
Said, E.W. (1980). "Islam Through Western Eyes," The Nation, April 26.
Said, E. (1993). Culture and Imperialism. New York: Random House (Vintage)
Sandararajan, L. (2011). Chinese notions of harmony, with implications for the development of indigenous psychology. In James Liu (chair), Indigenous and cultural psychology, Harmonization and Differentiation in Theory and Practice, symposium conducted at the 9th Biennial Conference of Asian Association of Social Psychology, Kunming, China. PDF
Serlin, I. ((2011). The History and Future of Humanistic Psychology. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, XX(X) 1-4. DOI: 10.1177/0022167811412600.
Shweder, R.A. (Ed.). (2001). Culture: Contemporary Views. In N. J. Smelser & P. B. Baltes (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Oxford, UK: Pergamon. PDF
Shweder, R. A. (2000). Three Psychology of Practice and the Practice of the Three Psychologies. Asia Journal of Social Psychology,3, 207-222. PDF
Shweder, R. A. (1990). Cultural Psychology - What Is it? In J. Stigler, R. A. Shweder, and G. Herdt, (Eds.), Cultural Psychology: Essays on Comparative Human Development (pp. 1-43). New York: Cambridge University Press. PDF
Siewert, P.A. (1994). Filipino culture and family studies: guidelines for practitioners. Families in Society, 75 (7), 429
Spivak, G.C. (1993). Outside in the Teaching Machine. London: Routledge. HTML
Thomas, A., & Sillen, S. (1972). Racism and Psychiatry. New York: Brunner/Mazel.
Teo, T. (2011). Empirical race psychology and the hermeneutics of epistemological violence. Human Studies. doi: 10.1007/s10746-011-9179-8
Teo, T. (2010). Review of the book: The hidden roots of critical psychology: Understanding the impact of Locke, Shaftesbury and Reid by Billig. History of the Human Sciences, 23(4), 109-112. doi: 10.1177/0952695110380403
Tuason, T. (2010). The poor in the philippines: Some insights from psychological research. Psychology and Developing Societies, 22 (2), 299-330
Villacorta, W. (1990). Western influences on social science in the philippines. In V. Enriquez (Ed.), Indigenous psychology: Book of readings (pp.51-69). Philippines: New Horizons Press
Wright, Rev. J (2008). Interview with Bill Moyers, Bill Moyers Journal. HTML
Zakaria, F. (2011). The Post-American World, Release 2.0. London: Norton. ISBN 0-393-08180-0

Readings /Outline Psy 314 SU 2011 Abraham (read yellow highlights first, then blue.)
1. Some Basic Philosophy For Discussion at our first meeting, November 5.
a. Abraham The Dynamics of Culture.
b. Abraham (Cybersexuality pp 1-5
c. Outline on Blueberry (optional, but check it out)
i. Section on Philosophy 2nd item
ii. Section on PostColonialism, up to references.
2. Critical Psychology and the Hermeneutics of Oppression
a. Hook (2005): Critical Psychology/PostColonialim
b. Bhabha: Preface to The Locations of Culture, Routledge Classics.
c. Choose from among: Bhabha Chapter 2; Fanon ‘s books, Desai, other
3. PostColonialism: Basic Concepts and Relation between Theory and Practice
a. Bhabha : Introduction & Chapter 1, pp 1-8
b. Wikipedia and any items mentioned in 1 a ii above or in Bhabha, etc
4. Hermeneutic Views of Psychology
a. Teo (2010, 2011) Roots of Critical Psychology; Hermeneutics of Race Psychology
b. Abraham (2010a,b) search for sections on Bahktin & Lewin; Freire; Ryan; Thomas & Silllen (choose)
5. Cultural Psychology
a. Cole (Introduction & Chapter 1)
b. Cole, Shweder (2000)
6. Indigenous Psychology
a. Allwood (2011, Social Epistemology)
b. Allwood (2011, Cultural Concept Reply); Kim; (syllabus) Kim et al. ,(2006); Kamens; Sandararajan.
7. Liberation Education, Gender, Religion, Art, Theatre, & Psychology
a. Education: Freire
b. Gender: Feminism, Gay Rights, & Child Trafficking. See Erhlich & Abraham; Murphy & Abraham for other references
c. Religion: King, Malcolm X, Wright/Moyers , Crossan, Bible, West, Reformation
d. Art: Koehler Zausner, Pfeiffer; link
e. Theatre: New Voice Company; Bread & Puppet; link;external link link
f. Psychology: Levine, Lewin; Koehler, Martin Baró, Fanon
8. Global Capitalism, Modes of Communication, Ecological Issues, Philippine Issues, Intersection of local with the global: Does Critical Psychology and Social Theory Have Any Role to Play?


1. As the Psy314 Psycharda let’s take over a display case in the Exploratorium. Let’s make it a description of “Critical Liberation Psychology”. We can start with some redacting or rewriting the course description and ideas from Bhabha and Hook, and lets find good pictures to illustrate it that we take off the internet or with our cameras. We can make a PowerPoint out of the poster as well as a start into doing that. Let’s start small and easy, and improve and expand as we go.
2. Name a few revolutions and examine to what extent they were motivated or focused by social or religious philosophies. Notice if the core leaders were diasporic. Some examples are the Russian Revolution, the American/French Revolutions (secular), the Algerian Revolution, the Philippine Revolution, and Christianity, Mohammedanism, and the Reformation (religious). What oppressions was each revolution addressing?
3. Possible research on the dynamics of oppression and resistance.